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API

We no longer maintain the Knowledge Base since version 4.3.x. All the latest user and developer documentation for 4.3.x and newer versions is now available at docs.cs-cart.com.

  • This article is available only for CS-Cart versions:
  • 4.0.x

Overview

CS-Cart API:

  • Is RESTful

  • Uses Basic HTTP authentication, with admin e-mail as login and auto-generated API key as password

  • Has maximal nesting depth of 2 (e.g. products/features, products/options, products/features/images)

  • Relies on user group-defined privileges. User group assignment is defined directly in the objects

  • Uses HTTP 1.1 to implement REST.

    4 methods are available to view and modify objects:

    • GET—get object data
    • PUT—update object data
    • POST—create new object
    • DELETE—delete object
  • Accepts and returns data in JSON format

Useful Tools

  • cURL is a cross-platform command line application that allows you to easily send HTTP requests. In UNIX-based systems, it is usually available by default with a simple curl command.

    All examples in this guide are given as cURL commands.
  • REST Console is an extension for the popular Google Chrome browser. Similar extensions exist for all popular web-browsers.

Activate API Access

API access is activated/disabled on a per-user basis.

In order to activate API access for a user:

  1. Log in to the CS-Cart admin panel
  2. Do to Customers → Administrators
  3. Open the admin account you want to activate API access to (e.g. admin@example.com)
  4. Switch to the API access tab and check the Yes, allow this user to use the API box
  5. Click Save

The automatically generated API key will be used by this user along with their e-mail to access the API.

URLs

An API request is a regular HTTP request sent to a particular URL.

The URLs are built as follows:

  • http://example.com/api/<object>—refer to all objects of a certain type
  • http://example.com/api/<object>/<id>—refer to a single object
  • http://example.com/api/<object>/<id>/<nested_object>—refer to all nested objects of a certain object
  • http://example.com/api/<object>/<id>/<nested_object>/<id>—refer to a single nested object of a certain object

For example, http://example.com/api/product/1/features refers to all the features of the product with the ID 1.

If mod_rewrite is disabled on the server where the target CS-Cart store is installed, you will have to use different URLs:

  • http://example.com/api.php?_d=<object>&ajax_custom=1—refer to all objects of a certain type
  • http://example.com/api.php?_d=<object>/<id>&ajax_custom=1—refer to a single object
  • http://example.com/api.php?_d=<object>/<id>/<nested_object>&ajax_custom=1—refer to all nested objects of a certain object
  • http://example.com/api.php?_d=<object>/<id>/<nested_object>/<id>&ajax_custom=1—refer to a single nested object of a certain object

Authentication

Each request must be authenticated with user’s e-mail and API key. There are 3 ways to submit authentication data in an API request:

  • Via the --user parameter (this is used in all the examples):

    curl --user admin@example.com:APIkey -X GET 'http://example.com/api/users/'
    
  • Inline passing in the URL:

    curl --basic -X GET 'http://admin%40example.com:APIkey@example.com/api/users/'
    

    @ must be replaced with %40

  • In the request header:

    curl --header 'Authorization: Basic <base64-encoded email:APIkey pair>=' -X GET 'http://example.com/api/users/'
    

    The email:APIkey pair must be encoded in base64.

    PHP example:

    $token = base64_encode("email:APIkey");
    $authHeaderString = 'Authorization: Basic ' . $token;
    

Get Data

In order to get object data, send a GET HTTP request to the URL that refers to the according object.

Request Example

Get data about the product with the ID 1:

curl --user admin@example.com:APIkey -X GET 'http://example.com/api/products/1'

Filtering

It is possible to send additional URL parameters to particularize the selection.

For example, you get all products with non-free shipping:

curl --user admin@example.com:APIkey -X GET 'http://example.com/api/products?free_shipping=N'

You can combine conditions.

Get all downloadable products with company_id 1:

curl --user admin@example.com:APIkey -X GET 'http://example.com/api/products?is_edp=Y&company_id=1'

Response

JSON array of matching objects (e.g. the products key) and the search query (the search key), or an error.

The matching objects value is an array of object IDs as keys and object field arrays as values.

Refer to the API objects page for a complete list of supported fields for all supported objects.

Update Data

In order to update object data, send a PUT HTTP request to the URL that refers to the according object.

Only URLs referring to particular object IDs can be used (i.e. you cannot update all products at once.)

The submitted data must be a JSON array of keys and values for the object fields (e.g. {'fieldName1: value1, fieldName2: value2}.)

Refer to the API objects page for a complete list of supported fields for all supported objects.

Important

The header Content-Type must be declared and set to application/json, otherwise the default text/plain is assumed and the request will fail.

Request Example

Update name of the product with the ID 1:

curl --user admin@example.com:APIkey --header 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{"product": "New Product Name"}' -X PUT 'http://example.com/products/1'

Response

Updated object ID, e.g. {"product_id":"1"}, or an error.

Create Object

In order to create an object, send a POST HTTP request to the URL that refers to the according object type.

Only URLs referring to a whole object type (without ID) can be used.

The submitted data must be a JSON array of keys and values for the object fields (e.g. {'fieldName1: value1, fieldName2: value2}.)

Some fields are mandatory for object creating. Refer to the API objects page for a complete list of supported fields for all supported objects.

Important

The header Content-Type must be declared and set to application/json, otherwise the default text/plain is assumed and the request will fail.

Request Example

Create a new product with the name “My Awesome Product”:

curl --user admin@example.com:APIkey --header 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{"product": "My Awesome Product"}' -X POST 'http://example.com/products'

Response

Updated object ID, e.g. {"product_id":"1"}, or an error.

Delete Object

In order to delete an object, send a DELETE HTTP request to the URL that refers to the according object.

Only URLs referring to particular object IDs can be used (i.e. you cannot delete all products at once.)

Request Example

Create a new product with the name “My Awesome Product”):

curl --user admin@example.com:APIkey -X DELETE 'http://example.com/products'

Response

Nothing in response, independently on the success of the operation.

Categories

Topics